Prior to cavalry horse-mounted soldiers were an important feature of most armies. How effective was the newly formed League of Nations at resolving conflict and securing world peace? How did World War I affect the social, political and economic status of women?
The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army.
And so did the Russians. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. What problems or obstacles did they face? Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. Using evidence and referring to specific battles or events, explain which three weapons had the greatest impact on the battlefields of the Western Front.
What arguments did they put forward? What were the main objectives of the war in the Middle East? The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced.
As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in Aprilbut were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders.
Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since.
The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. War aims were obscured. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese.
In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. But war-weariness set in everywhere by The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.
What was life like for the average trench soldier?
Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. In the first battle of World War I, the Germans assaulted the heavily fortified city of Liegeusing the most powerful weapons in their arsenal—enormous siege cannons—to capture the city by August Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west.
What were the global implications of this American response? Turkey surrendered on 31 October The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French.
Towards a conclusion 1. These defeats proved costly to Russia. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading overBritish and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known.
This was particularly true of the Prussians. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. Why was Article included in the Treaty of Versailles? Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation.
The experience of the Russo-Japanese War appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.Feb 15, · World War Essay; World War Essay.
World War I Essay. Words | 6 Pages Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and an arms race, which further escalated the tension contributing to the outbreak of war.
global conflict of the Second World War was started because of. 1.
Identify and discuss the three most significant factors leading to the outbreak of World War I. 2. Investigate and discuss the ‘war readiness’ and military strengths and weaknesses of Europe’s major powers in 3. What was Weltpolitik and how did it contribute to European tensions to ?
4. Mar 29, · World War I began inafter the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central.
Many scholars still debate the underlying causes of World War I. There are many things that contributed to the war. The causes and effects of the war changed the lives of many people. Many of the effects of the war are still evident in today. World War I began as a European conflict, only gradually did it develop into a world war (Ross, 6).
The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before.
Impact of World War One on American Literature Essay - The Impact of World War One on American Literature As people mature, their beliefs evolve; as a child it is easy to be guided by adults, to believe in adults.
As adults, people have their own beliefs. It is the period in the middle that is the hardest.Download