Interactionists argue that humans are sentient beings, in which humans have a high range of self awareness and express feelings and emotions to a great extent.
The more differential the treatment, the more the individuals self-image is affected, thus the action of labelling can have a high risk effect on an individual and their self-image, in terms of generalising.
Mass media saturates the postmodern society in which cultural relativity and social pluralism is increasingly accepted. How to Write a Summary of an Article?
Nevertheless, its macro theory approach puts the education system in context and is therefore a theory which is notable when discussing the role of the education system. As an institution of secondary socialisation, Functionalist theorists see the education system as one of the main institutions which help to achieve value consensus within society, allowing society to operate in a smooth manner.
However, it may be that in reality value consensus does not exit, as today the diversity of society means that there is not agreement about norms and values. Outline and assess labelling theory explanations of crime and deviance. The labelling theory is an action theory in which is influenced by the interactionist perspective of key thinker Weber.
In order to understand crime and deviance, one must focus on social interaction situations and the power of the agents of social control AOSC ; family, peers, religion, education, work, media and the law to label behaviour, especially in terms of the mass media.
Once labelled criminal or deviant by powerful members of the AOSC it becomes hard to escape the given label. Interactionists argue that as sentient beings, actions are carried out through intentions and motives, in which evidentially are choices.
Outline and assess Functionalist explanations of the role of the education system. Once labelled criminal or deviant an individual may internalise their label, resulting in a self fulfilling prophecy SFPwhich Merton describes as a cultural belief that becomes true because people act as though it is true, consequently increasing criminal and deviant behaviour.
Furthermore, Durkheim suggests that subjects made compulsory through the National Curriculum such as History and Religious studies help to enhance cohesion and social stability, minimising conflict within society through value consensus,- keeping social order.
Perhaps it could also been seen, that in terms of the relationship between education and society, that the education system cannot necessarily make up for the diversity of attitudes within society,- to what degree can the education system compensate for differences in values and shape behaviours and attitudes?
Critically though, these could be seen as polices which aim to stabilise the school learning environment, as opposed to society. Key thinkers Becker and Lemert made important contribution to criminology as they influenced other perspectives such as new radical criminologists. Weber defines key idea- the action theory; and argues that the individual shapes society through their interpretations and meanings.
Ethnic and cultural diversity may therefore be attributed as factors which mean that the education system is not an institution which unites society, as it may not be able to change the norms and values instilled upon members of society by other forms of socialisation, such as the family or the areas of media young people are exposed to.Outline and Assess Marxist Explanations of the Causes of Crime Words | 3 Pages Outline and assess Marxist explanations of the causes of crime (50 marks) It is to a large extent that Marxism is a useful theory in explaining the causes of crime.
Outline and assess cultural explanations for different class achievement (50 marks) A social class background has a very powerful influence on a child’s chances of success in the education system. The children that are from a middle class background will normally perform better than the working class.
Apr 23, · Criticisms of cultural explanations Exaggeration – They tend to exaggerate the differences between attitudes of social classes Overlooking the effect of material factors – Douglas said that working-class parents don’t have as much interest as middle-class parents; however it could be that they are interested, they just cant show that.
Assess Sociological Explanations of the Rise of Religious Fundamentalism (33marks) Assess the sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion. 33 marks Secularisation theory has argued that modernisation has undermined religion.
Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Difference in.
Outline and assess labelling theory explanations of crime and deviance. The labelling theory is an action theory in which is influenced by. Cultural and spiritual health assessment S. Allen and A. Crouch Cultural health assessment Before we can explore appropriate mechanisms to assess the cultural needs of patients and clients, we need to think about why culture is • Give an outline of how the spiritual needs of a patient could.Download