Microeconomics terms

Marginal Utility --The satisfaction a consumer receives by consuming one more unit of some good or service. Price ceilings reduce the amount of trade immediately by reducing the amount sellers are willing to sellcause black markets to appear, reduce the future supply of goods, reduce the quality of products, cause discrimination on the part of sellers in addition to other forms of non-price distribution of goodsresult in goods being used inefficiently by those who obtain them cheaply, cause lucky buyers who can obtain the product to gain at the expense of buyers who are unable to obtain the good, and increase the demand for substitute goods.

Usually rises as quantity of a particular activity rises.

Macroeconomics vs. Microeconomics

Wants --Preferences for goods and services over and above human needs. Normal Good --A good where quantity demanded increases when consumer income increases a direct relationship between quantity demanded and income.

Microeconomics could help an investor see why Apple Inc.

Index: Political Economy Terms

Indifference Curve --A set of points that represent different bundles of goods which provide the consumer with the same level of satisfaction or utility.

Quite often, a sophisticated analysis is required to understand the demand-supply equation of a good model. One way to encourage responsible decisions towards the environment is to provide benefits for behaving responsibly.

The price a buyer would be willing to pay for an additional amount of a good. Price Inelastic Demand --When the percentage change in quantity demanded is less than the percentage change in market price.

The opposite of a market with free entry is one which has barriers to entry. The technical assumption that preference relations are continuous is needed to ensure the existence of a utility function. Price searchers violate the conditions for such efficiency.

Successful collusion is difficult if there are many firms, if price cutting schemes are hard to detect, if product quality alterations are difficult to detect, if entry barriers are low, if demand is unstable, and if antitrust laws are enforced. For a straight-line demand curve, elasticity falls in absolute value as lower points on the demand curve are reached i.

A market is one particular type of economic rationing system. You Also Might Like One way to think of it is as the interest rate in terms of things rather than money. Equilibrium --A condition where there is no tendency for an economic variable to change.

Frequently used elasticities include price Microeconomics terms of demandprice elasticity of supplyincome elasticity of demandelasticity of substitution or constant elasticity of substitution between factors of production and elasticity of intertemporal substitution.

This does not mean that the firm sells its capital assets or goes out of business. Even if capital requirements for entering the market are high, the capital can be easily resold, thus the risks of entering a contestable market are low. This is shown by moving the demand curve to the left.

This is different from an decrease in quantity demanded, which occurs without the demand curve moving. Flow Variable -- A variable that is measured per unit of time.

Diminishing Marginal Utility DMU --An economic concept that refers to the notion that additional units consumed of a particular commodity provide less and less additional satisfaction relative to previous units consumed.Dictionary Term of the Day Subjects.


Macroeconomics vs. Microeconomics. By: Jeffrey Glen. Among the many branches of economics two of the best known areas are the study of Macroeconomics and Microeconomics.

The two concepts are closely intertwined and can sometimes be confusing. This article will provide you with the explanations necessary to.


A Glossary of Microeconomics Terms Abundance --A physical or economic condition where the quantity available of a resource exceeds the quantity desired in the absence of a rationing system.

Budget Set --Different bundles of goods and services that are attainable to the consumer at given market prices and the consumer's fixed level of income.

Microeconomics is one of the main fields of the social science of economics. It considers the behaviour of individual consumers, firms and industries. Microeconomics is a branch of economics that studies how individuals, households, and firms make decisions to allocate limited resources, typically in markets where goods or services are being bought and sold.

Microeconomics The subdivision of the discipline of economics that studies the behavior of individual households and firms interacting through markets, how prices and levels of output of individual products are determined in these markets, the interconnections by which different markets affect each other, and how the price mechanism allocates resources and distributes income.

Microeconomics stands in contrast to macroeconomics, which involves "the sum total of economic activity, dealing with the issues of growth, inflation, and unemployment and. What is 'Microeconomics' Microeconomics is the social science that studies the implications of individual human action, specifically about how those decisions affect .

Microeconomics terms
Rated 0/5 based on 59 review